Various Bible study guides in subjects pertaining to

New Earth prophecy, as taught by Paul Phelps. 


For evildoers shall be cut off: but those that wait upon the LORD,

they shall inherit the earth.      Psalm 37:9



     The Greek word Armageddon in Rev. 16:16 has a basis in Hebrew grammar
that is not often explained and the prophetic significance is affected.  As a place
name Megiddo is the
Jezreel valley fortress in northern Israel, but the name has
no final ‘n’ letter.  Megiddon with a final ‘n’ is only found in the Zech. 12:11 text. 
This spelling distinction is erased in many Bible versions but King James has it:

                In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem,

                as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon. 


     The root ideas are ‘gather’ (GADÀD), and ‘troops’ (GADÙD).  Megiddo means
‘gathering of troops’ and final ‘n’ infers ‘place of...’  So Megiddon may not be a
name but rather a generic term for a battlefield, ‘place of gathering of troops.’ 
It is not credible that Arm– is transliterated from ‘har’ (mountain).  No mountain
(har) is mentioned in Megiddo texts, and the valley beside Megiddo is always
called Jezreel.  A likely explanation has been overlooked although the clue is
in the Zechariah text.  Hadad and Rimmon are two gods of ancient Syria, which
were not known in Israel at any time.  The mourning of
Hadad-Rimmon must be
in Syria.  In Hebrew, Syria is Aram.  It becomes Arm– if joined in compound to
another word.  So the Greek word Armageddon (Rev. 16:16) is a transliteration
of Aram
+ megiddon, and means ‘the place in Syria of the gathering of troops.’ 

     Zechariah 12:11 mentions a ‘valley’ or ‘plain’: this might be the north-eastern
Syrian plain facing the Euphrates River.  Prophetically this is where the Eastern
troops cross the Euphrates River (Rev. 16:12).  This interpretation removes the
Armageddon scenario from Israel and puts it in Syria.  The mourning of Hadad-
Rimmon (Zech. 12:11) could be the mourning for the dead after Armageddon. 
This battle must be near the Euphrates for that is where the antichrist will try to
stop the Eastern army from reaching Jerusalem or other nearby areas. 


     Armageddon might not involve Israel for Israel is nowhere mentioned.  It has
rather to do with the last-day war between the more westerly antichrist empire
and the Eastern kingdoms.  This antichrist scenario is found in Daniel 11:44,45,

v 44        But news from the east and the north shall trouble him; therefore

               he shall go out with great fury to destroy and annihilate many. 

v 45        …Yet he shall come to his end, with no one to help him. 


But this war results in the annihilation of the antichrist army (in Syria), battling
the Eastern forces (northeast of Jerusalem, v 45).  The armies then called by the
‘three frogs’ (evil spirits, Rev. 16:13-14) are a last effort by antichrist to stop the
Eastern forces at the Euphrates River. 
Hence the Eastern forces are not coming
against Israel but against antichrist armies based in west Asia.  That can be the
reason God opens the river before them because they are serving his purpose. 
God's act of opening the Euphrates River giving entry to these kings of the East
might relate to Isaiah 11:11,15
b-16; 41:2-3,8-9,25; 46:11; 51:10-11; and Joel 2:11. 
No Bible text predicts that the kingdoms of the East will ever attack Jerusalem. 


     Armageddon is not the final war but it is the war to destroy antichrist’s main
army.  The final war is Israel’s ‘Battle of Jerusalem,’ an aftermath war fought by
Israelis against the forces occupying Jerusalem.  Then is the time that antichrist
is finally defeated.  In this scenario there is no need to assume the Eastern army
attacks Jerusalem.  The defeat of antichrist’s main army is their appointed goal. 

return to homepage